How to Structure an Argument Essay

How to Structure an Argument Essay Conclusion

In conclusion, an argumentative essay conclusion is a summary of the key arguments in the essay. Completing this section before the closing paragraph helps readers have a vivid idea of the key ideas.

The first step in writing a conclusion is to take a look back at the key arguments and understand the key points they settle. The next step is to give a brief summary of what the paragraphs intend to achieve. Finally, the conclusion should have a thesis statement that focuses on the stand the writer wants to take.

Steps to Follow When Writing a Conclusion

The conclusion is similar to the introduction of an essay in that it has to provide a summary of what the key points are. However, the length of the conclusion will be determined by the length of the essay. An introductory paragraph should be short enough that it only briefly summarizes the key arguments. However, a lengthy conclusion is automatically boring, and many students avoid writing it. Below are tips to help you write a satisfying conclusion for your argument essay.

Pose a Thesis Statement

The conclusion has to pose a clear stand on the topic. The most common types of arguments that follow this format are:

  • Value arguments: Here, the writer is arguing why the main argument has to be chosen over any other arguments.
  • Cause and effect arguments: Here, the writer is arguing why the event happened as it is likely to cause the stated effect.
  • Policy arguments: Here, the writer is arguing why the chosen actions should be taken.

To ensure that your conclusion sticks to these types of arguments, you need to emphasize and react to the claim made in the introduction paragraph. Your audience will know what to expect from reading your argument once you start writing your conclusion.

Response to Claim Made in the Introduction Paragraph

Once you have outlined your thesis statement, the next step is to outline what response you will give to it. This section should start with a statement that ties the claim made in the introduction paragraph to the essay. Even after providing a statement that covers the claim, it is recommended that you respond to it by suggesting an alternative solution. Alternatively, you can reiterate the claim and refute it as still valid.

Restate the Thesis

A reasonable conclusion that does not quote a claim directly should not copy-paste the exact claim made in the introduction paragraph. You should reword the key points and state where you stand since this will assist readers in understanding why you have different opinions about the topic.

You should also reread the essay prompt and reread your goal of writing the essay since you will have to include several strategies. The final draft of your argument essay should have the following crucial elements:

  1. A clear thesis statement
  2. Clear discussions of the key points, using a minimum of three paragraphs each
  3. A clear summary of the thesis statement
  4. Responses to the claim made in the introduction paragraph
  5. A possible solution to the claim made
  6. A clear conclusion

Avoid Using Flags and Statistics

If you are using flags and statistics in your conclusion, the message you are communicating may not be appropriate for your audience. If your paper contains any of the following, you may risk alienating your audience; readers:

  1. Sums of large numbers
  2. Relevance statistics
  3. Fake statistics
  4. Extreme statistics

Use Sub-arguments to Answer the Prompt

If your conclusion involves answering a prompt, it is best to work with specific sub-arguments. For example, if the prompt is asking about whether people are competent or incompetent, you can respond by stating whether people are born competent or incompetent.